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Abstract:   (1013 Views)
Improving the quality of athletes' performance and identifying the ways to optimize the performance of sports activities has always been one of the concerns of sports managers and athletes, especially in the professional and championship dimensions. With the progress of science and the revelation of the benefits of technology for human societies, sports science researchers increased their efforts to find ways to increase the optimal performance of athletes. One of the categories that has affected and transformed not only sports, but also all aspects of human life, is nanotechnology, especially nanoscience. Nanoparticles have significant effects in improving sports performance of athletes, silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles have played a role more than other nanomaterials. Therefore, this research was conducted to investigate the effect of clothes containing silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles on the sports performance of female athletes. The statistical population of the study was all women active in public sports in Maku city. The sample size was selected randomly and included 10 female athletes. The effects of treatments (sports activities with and without nano clothing) on endurance, moisture absorption, bacterial levels, high and low blood pressure, and heart rate in athletes were investigated. To determine the difference between the groups, Duncan's post-test with a probability of 0/05 was used. The results showed that the effect of silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles clothing on improving endurance of female athletes is different and increased their endurance. The effect of these clothes on the improvement of bacterial removal from the body of female athletes is different, and it increased the removal of bacteria in them. The effect of these clothes on the improvement of the blood pressure of female athletes was the same in terms of high blood pressure before training, and it did not have much effect on their high blood pressure. There was no significant difference between female athletes in terms of low blood pressure before training, and clothes containing silver and zinc oxides nanoparticles did not have much effect on their low blood pressure. There was a significant difference between female athletes in terms of high blood pressure after exercise, and clothes containing silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles were effective in reducing their high blood pressure. A significant difference was seen between female athletes in terms of low blood pressure after training and these clothes were effective in reducing their low blood pressure. The effect of clothes containing silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles on improving the heart rate of female athletes before training was not different, and it did not have much effect on their heart rate. There was a significant difference between female athletes in terms of heart rate after exercise and these clothes had an effect in reducing their heart rate. The effect of these clothes on improving the absorption of moisture in female athletes was different and it increased the absorption of moisture in them. In general, clothes containing silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles increased the sports performance of female athletes.
 
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: sport physiology
Received: 2023/07/22 | Accepted: 2024/01/6

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