Volume 15, Issue 14 (10-2017)                   jsmt 2017, 15(14): 23-35 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Abstract:   (143 Views)
Background and Purpose: Frequent throwing Movements can change its muscular strength and range of motion balance shoulder athletes compared to non-athletes. The purpose of this study was to the comparison of strength ratio between agonist and antagonist muscles and range of motion of the shoulder in volleyball players and non-athletes. Research Method: Thirty female volleyball players (mean age±SD; 21±2.58 year) and thirty non-athletes individuals (mean age ± SD; 22±1.13 years) participated in this study. Manual muscle test (MMT) and Leighton Flexometer was respectively used for measuring the strength and ROM of the participants. Demographic information was collected through questionnaires. After determining the normal data distribution independent and paired samples T-test was used to analyze them. Results: In Compare ratio of agonist to antagonist muscle strength in the dominant and non-dominant hand volleyball players (p≤0.001, p=0.002) As well as dominant hand in both groups (volleyball and control) (p≤0.001, p=0.003) in the ratio of internal to external rotation and abduction to adduction strength was significant difference (P≤0.05). A significant decrease in range of motion in internal rotation and extension movements of the dominant hand (p≤0.001, p=0.005) and a significant increase in external rotation volleyball players in dominant hand was observed (p=0.026).Conclusion: Repeated pattern of movements in the volleyball sports for a long time causes muscle imbalance in strength and range of motion shoulder joint that in case of inadequate attention and lack of proper stretching and strengthening exercises to use, this asymmetry can make athletes prone to injury his performance will decrease
Full-Text [PDF 1160 kb]   (38 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/09/17 | Accepted: 2017/05/26 | Published: 2017/10/7

1. Ramsi, M., Swanik, K., Swanik, C., Straub, S., Mattacola, C. (2004). Editorial shoulder-rotator strength of high school swimmers over the course of a competitive season. J Sport Rehabilitation. 13(1): 9-18.
2. Daneshmandi, H., Rahmaninia, F., Esmaili, S. (2005). Comparative studies on athlete's shoulder range of motion and it relationship with his sport history and post. Journal of Olympic. 29(1): 29-40.
3. Sahebozamani, M., Sharifian, E., Daneshmandi, H., Dehnavi, H. (2013). Comparison between shoulder strength ratio and shoulder internal to external rotation range of motion in Zurkhaneh athletes and non-athletes subjects. J Res Rehabil Sci. 9(1): 84-93. [Persian].
4. Roberto, L., Peter, K., Benjamin, M. (2008). Shoulder biomechanics. Eur J Radiol. 68(4): 16-24.
5. Marques, M., vanden, c., Tillaar, R., Gabbett, T., Reis, V., González-Badillo, J. (2009). Physical fitness qualities of professional volleyball players: determination of positional differences. J Strength Cond Res. 23(4): 1106-11.
6. Mario, A., Juan, J., Darlene, A. (2006). In-Season Resistance Training for Professional Male Volleyball Players. J Strength Cond Res. 20(6): 16-27.
7. Wilkin, L., Haddock, B. (2006). Isokinetic strength of collegiate baseball pitchers during a season. J Strength Cond Res. 20(4): 829-32.
8. Wilk, K., Meister, K., Andrews, I. (2002). Current Concepts in the Rehabilitation of the Overhead Throwing Athlete. Am J Sports Med. 30(5): 136-51.
9. Thomas, S., Swanik, K., Swanik, C., Huxel, K. (2009). Glenohumeral rotation and scapular position adaptations after a single high school female sports season. Journal of athletic training. 44(3): 230-38.
10. Sahrmann, S. (2002). Diagnosis and treatment of movement impairment syndromes. Missouri, MO: Mosby. 24(2): 125-53.
11. Hosseinimehr, H., Anbarian, M., Khosravi, M. (2014). The Survey of Scapulohumeral Rhythm and Isometric Strength ratio of Shoulder Agonist to Antagonist Muscles in Handball Players and Non-athletes. Studies in Sport Medicine. 14(7): 15-30, [Persian].
12. Wang, H., Cochrane, T. (2001). Mobility impairment, muscle imbalance, muscle weakness, scapular asymmetry and shoulder injury in elite volleyball athletes. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 41(3): 403-10.
13. Reagan, K., Meister, K., Horodyski, M., Werner, D., Carruthers, C., Wilk, K. ( 2002). Humeral retroversion and its relationship to glenohumeral rotation in the shoulder of college baseball players. Am J Sports. 30(3): 354-60.
14. Bak, K., Magnusson, S. (1997). Shoulder strength and range of motion in symptomatic and pain-free elite swimmers. Am J Sports Med. 25(4): 454-9.
15. Falla, D., Hess, S., Richardson, C., (2003), Evaluation of shoulder internal rotator muscle strength in baseball players with physical signs of Glenohumeral joint instability, Br J SportsMed, 37, 430-2.
16. Chandler, T., Kibler, W., Uhl, T., Wooten, B., Kiser, A., Stone, E. (1990). Flexibility comparisons of junior elite tennis players to other athletes. Am J Sports Med. 18(2): 134-6.
17. Mofidi, A., Sahebozamani, M., Sharifian, E. (2012). Spinal curves and relationship between curves with specialized movements of Bastanikaran. Olympic quarterly. 19(4): 105-12.
18. Roy, J., MacDermid, J., Orton, B., Tran, T., Faber, K., Drosdowech, D. (2009). The concurrent validity of a hand-held versus a stationary dynamometer in testing isometric shoulder strength. J Hand Ther. 22(4): 320-6.
19. Saadatian, A., Sahebozamani, M., Mohamadipour, F. (2013). Comparison of internal-to-external ratios of strength rotation and ROM rotation in injured and healthy professional male handball players. J Res Rehabil Sci. 9(7): 1232-1243, [Persian].
20. Kendall, F., McCreary, E., Provance, P., Rodgers, M., Romani, W. (2005). Muscles: Testing and Function, with Posture and Pain. Physiccal Therapy in Sport. 22(5): 120-6.
21. Bloomfield, J., Aekland, T., Ellioitt, B. (1995). Applied anatomy and biomechanic in sport. Blackwell Scientific Publications. 20(4): 234-40.
22. Leighton, J. (1995). An instrument and technic for the measurement of range of motion. Arch of Phy, med & Reh. 40(4): 125-30.
23. Master, W., Long, S., Caiozzo., V.(1992). Shoulder torque changes in the swimming athlete. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 20(3): 323-327.
24. Wilk, K., Relnold, M. Andrews., J. (2009). The Athletes Shoulder. Copyright by Churchill Livingstone, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 27(3): 392-4.
25. Foorgiarini, M., Gracitelli, G., Silvaa, R., Laurinoa, C., Fleury, A., Andrade, M., Silvab, A. (2010). Shoulder functional ratio in elite junior tennis players. Physiccal Therapy in Sport. 1(11): 8-11.
26. Hurd, W., Kevin, M., Eiattrache, N., Jobe, F., Morry, B., Kaufman, K. (2011). A Profile of Glenohueral Internal and External Rotation Motion In The Uninjured High School Baseball Pitcher. Part II: Strength. Journal of Athletic Training. 46(3): 289-295.
27. Donatelli, R., Ellenbecker, T., Ekedahl, S., Wilkes, J., Kocher, K., Adam, J. (2000). Assessment of shoulder strength in professional baseball pitchers. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 30(9): 544–51.
28. Hington., L. (1998). Glenohumeral joint: internal and external rotation of motion in javelin throwers. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 32(3): 226–228.
29. Tondnevis., f. (2000). kinesiology. Tarbiat Moallem university publishing. 5: 40-41.
30. Johnson, L. (1992). Patterns of shoulder flexibility among college baseball players. J Athl Train. 27(1): 44-9.
31. Guney, H., Harput, G., Colakoglu, F., Baltaci, G. (2015). Glenohumeral internal rotation Ddeficit affects functional rotator strength ratio in adolescent overhead athletes. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 25(1): 52-57.
32. Ebaugh, D., Spinelli, B. (2010). Scapulothoracic motion and muscle activity during the raising and lowering phases of an overhead reaching task. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 20(2):199-205.
33. Borgmastars, N., Paoovola, M., Remes, V., Lohman, M., Vastamaki, M. (2010). Pain relief, motion, and function after rotator cuff repair or reconstruction may not persist after 16 years. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 468(10): 2678-2689.
34. Tyler, F., Nahow, C., Nicholas, J., McHugh, P. (2005). Quantifying shoulder rotation weakness in patients with shoulder impingement. J of shoulder and Elbow Surg. 6(14): 570-574.
35. Labriola, E., Lee, Q., Debski, E., McMahon, J. (2005). Stability and instability of the Glenohumeral joint: Thr role of shoulder muscles. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 15(14): 32-38.
36. Koh, S., Lee, C., Healy, C. (2007). MRI of overuse injury in elite athletes. J of Clinical Radiology. 62:1036-1043.
37. Dale, B., Kovaleski, E., Ogletree, T., Heitman, J., Norrell, M. (2007). The Effects Of Repetitive Overhead Throwing On Shoulder Rotator Isokinetic Work-Fatigue. J Of Sports Physical Therapy. 2(2): 74-80.
38. Gates, H., Dingwell, B. (2010). Muscle fatigue dose not lead to instability of upper extremity repetitive movements. J Biomech. 43 (5): 913-919.
39. Niederbracht, Y., Shim, L. (2008). Concentric Internal and eccentric external fatigue resistance of the shoulder rotator muscles in female tennis players. J Of Sports Physical Therapy. 2(3): 89-94.